Integrated vs Dedicated Graphics Card Which to Use and Why? (2021)
Integrated or dedicated graphics card
There are generally two different types of GPUs: Dedicated graphics card and integrated graphics card. The integrated graphics card is built into the motherboard, eliminating the need for an additional card. Integrated graphics use part of the computer’s system RAM rather than its own memory. Integrated graphics are less powerful than discrete graphics, but do save energy. You can find them built into most laptops and standard computers. They are a cost-effective model, but cannot be easily upgraded.
Dedicated graphics card An optional graphics card installed as an additional component on the motherboard. It offers more processing power and higher quality visual display than integrated graphics for use in computer-intensive applications such as HD video content and 3D games.
Integrated Graphics Card
The combination of CPU and GPU is called integrated graphics. Currently, all of Intel’s processors (i.e. Core i3, i5 and i7) come with an integrated GPU, so all that is required is that the motherboard supports this feature.
Embedded graphics is essentially a graphics processor that has no memory of its own, but uses a small amount of system memory. For example, if you have a computer with 4 GB of RAM, the graphics card may use one to five percent of the available memory for graphics processing. Of course, the amount of RAM consumed by the on-board graphics card is dynamic and depends on the workload of the GPU.
The advantage of an integrated device is that it is less expensive, which means it is cheaper when buying a laptop or computer. The integrated graphics card also produces far less heat than a dedicated graphics card and consumes far less power, resulting in longer battery life. Embedded graphics cards are ideal for people who perform graphics operations on a daily basis. This includes watching or editing videos, playing 2D games and word processing in general. Events like this don’t require a lot of graphics, so a low-end graphics card is ideal.
Integrated Graphics Card :
- Uses your device’s memory
- Performs daily tasks with ease. Games are only a problem when rich graphics are required.
- Less heat
- Uses less battery/energy
Dedicated graphics card
Dedicated graphics cards, on the other hand, have their own memory and leave the memory used by the system intact. For example, if you have a GeForce GTX 550 Ti with 8 GB of memory. It will use it and not the system memory. Dedicated cards are ideal if you are serious about gaming or if you are a professional graphic designer.
Dedicated cards also allow for customization. If you want to overclock your graphics card, you need to increase the cooling capacity. This can be achieved with additional water cooling or more powerful fan units.
When watching a high-definition movie or playing a graphics-intensive game, the card is activated and functions as a dedicated card, increasing overall performance but decreasing battery life.
Again: If you’re a serious gamer or working with a dual-monitor system, the GPU has to work harder and heats up quickly. These cards also consume a lot of power, so if you use a laptop with a dedicated graphics card, the battery won’t last as long.
By removing these limitations, dedicated cards can be significantly more powerful than integrated graphics cards. Dedicated graphics cards are ideal for anyone who wants the best visual experience, whether playing games or designing graphics. Keep in mind that the visual design of games is getting better and better. You need to plan ahead and find a card that will last at least a few years before you need to upgrade.
Dedicated graphics card:
- Has its own RAM. The device’s working memory remains intact.
- Better support for graphics-intensive tasks such as designing, gaming, etc.
- Heats up more
- Consumes more energy
Final comparison of dedicated and integrated graphics cards
|This is an external bracket that connects to the motherboard.
|is located in an internal cradle built into the motherboard or processor.
|Also known as
|Discrete graphics processor or discrete graphics card
|Video on board
|has its own graphics processing unit (GPU)
|Has its own working memory
|System RAM used
|In general under
Which one should you use?
It depends on how much power you need for your graphics card. Most people who use a modern computer for standard tasks such as surfing the web, creating documents or watching movies are satisfied with the built-in graphics. If you want to do gaming, 3D rendering or video editing, you need the most powerful graphics card you can afford and that your system can handle.
The video explains which graphics cards are better than integrated graphics cards.
I hope this helps you compare and decide between integrated and dedicated graphics cards, which one is best for you. If you have any other questions or suggestions, please post them below in the comments. Besides, the reading
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frequently asked questions
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Why integrated GPUs are bad.
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